Artifacts from agricultural villages of the Oneota culture of
prehistoric Native Americans have been found in the
Long Coulee area north of the Village of Holmen and along the
bluff base south of the village. Investigations by the State
Historical Society during the construction of Highway 53 found
extremely rare remnants of seven longhouses, each of which
included several burials. The cloverleaf at the intersection of
Highways 53 and 35 in Holmen was altered to encircle a burial
site without disturbing it. Other sites are located throughout
the Holmen area. A group of 15 or more wigwams constituted the
first American Indian village on Brice Prairie. Powwows were
held on the banks of the Black River, then called Yellow Banks.
An Indian camp called White Oak Spring left five Indian mounds
that remain today. Buried there are Yank Swan, one of the last
chiefs of the Winnebago tribe, and his wife, who died at the age
of 108, the oldest person buried there.